This is a little scary

China won nearly twice as many medals as the closest countries in the 2008 Paralympics, winning over 200 medals. Their take in 2004 was only 1.5 times their nearest competitors. We know that China starts training their athletes from the age of 4. China's out sized success at the paralympics makes me suspect that those who can't quite make the cut are incentivized to injure themselves in such a way as to make themselves viable competitors in the paralympics. Think of it as a more glamorous version of Indian beggars who are forcibly amputated in an attempt to increase their donation rate.  Another possibility is that the training routines in China are so rough or general safety conditions are so much worse in a large developing country that when this is combined with a government program focused on winning medals then many more athletes end up being qualified compared to developed countries. Diminished mental capacity qualifies athletes for certain events at the paralympics, so those who decide to fake it at least don't have to inflict permanent bodily harm on themselves.

Strange source of sanity

There is a massive drought in the US and corn production looks like it will be lowest that it has been in 15 years. Still, ethanol targets need to be hit so much of that corn is going into government subsidized ethanol production. So it falls to the UN to be the voice of reason.

The UN has called for an immediate suspension of government-mandated US ethanol production, adding to pressure on Barack Obama to address the food-versus-fuel debate in the run-up to presidential elections.

If the EPA also removed the ethanol requirements in gasoline then getting rid of the mandate and subsidies could even bring corn back down to its pre-drought levels.

A theory on Stripe

I saw Stripe on CNBC today.  They do online payments for developers and have raised money from some very big names.

Regardless of their revenue stream, they have a lot of value to these investors. Stripe's customers are generally start ups (they also have a lot of retail stores) and they can track their revenue in real time. This gives their investors access to additional information for judging potential investments and can put new companies on their radar. 

I wonder if the people at Stripe will be able to monetize this value. Done properly, it should be worth much more than the $20 million they recently raised.

Musings on fashion and start ups

I recently came across an article about fashion in Silicon Valley. It is interesting, but it doesn't really touch on why being fashionable, in the context of spending money on Chanel and other brands, doesn't work too well at start ups.

1. Fashion is a status game that most engineers are not good at. Making sure that engineers are appreciated is a big deal, so bringing in people who put a lot of importance on status outside of the ability to solve problems is not going to help the culture of a company.

2. The article mentions brands like Chanel. These things cost money. Spending lots of money around people who are taking low salary/high equity compensation is not great for the culture of a start up. It encourages people to leave in order to take high pay/low equity at a more mature technology company. A entrepreneur who always dresses in expensive clothing is showing off their wealth the same way as one who drives a Maserati. 

3. Following fashion rules and trends is correlated with other types of conformity. In a culture that prides itself on how non-conformist they are an interest in fashion is not a good signal.

That said, engineers at start ups have been willing to push fashion boundaries in ways not seen elsewhere in the professional world. The difference is that this is done by breaking fashion rules, ignoring current trends and not spending lots of money at boutique shops. (If I was less respectful of my friends' privacy I would now post a picture of three engineers from a very successful start up: one person has a mustache, the other with a mullet and the third with a neck-beard) Maybe the fashion industry, like the car industry, can make more inroads into Silicon Valley at the successful companies where many people have already made their money but it's going to be hard for them to get in on the ground floor and attract people building the next great companies.

Amazon's interesting experiment

On Amazon's homepage today we find this an announcement about incentives that turns working in positions that require low amounts of human capital and might not otherwise advance a person's career path such as a job in customer service into a way to acquire significantly more useful human capital:

So, for people who've been with us as little as three years, we're offering to pre-pay 95% of the cost of courses such as aircraft mechanics, computer-aided design, machine tool technologies, medical lab technologies, nursing, and many other fields.
The program is unusual. Unlike traditional tuition reimbursement programs, we exclusively fund education only in areas that are well-paying and in high demand according to sources like the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, and we fund those areas regardless of whether those skills are relevant to a career at Amazon.

This makes a lot of sense. Amazon gets good employees for at least 3 years + the amount of time they are in school part time. At the end of that time period, their employees will be able to acquire significant human capital to increase their pay down the road. Making the employe pay for 5% of the cost means that only people who put some value in the education will sign up for it. It doesn't look like the United States will move towards an apprenticed based education system model like Germany anytime soon, but approaches like Amazon's are the next best thing.  It will be interesting to see how it works out.

Speaking of Police States

What is going on at the 2012 London Olympics is pretty ridiculous.

The government has told the courts they may wish to take particular account of anyone using two or more words from what it calls ‘List A’ — ‘Games’; ‘Two Thousand and Twelve’; ‘2012’; ‘twenty twelve’. The judges must also come down hard on a business or charity that takes a word from List A and conjoins it with one or more words from ‘List B’ — ‘Gold’; ‘Silver’; ‘Bronze’; ‘London’; ‘medals’; ‘sponsors’; ‘summer’. Common nouns are now private property.

London already has crazy libel laws so it isn't like they had freedom of speech in the first place but this is taking things to a new level.

Sponsors who are benefiting from this policy: Coca-Cola, McDonalds, GE, Acer, Atos, Dow, Omega, Panasonic, P&G, Samsung and Visa.

I'd suggest that people around the world think twice about whether they could conveniently patronize the competitors of these businesses instead of giving money to sponsors that are in favor of such draconian policies. 

Making it easy for a future police state

This day and age, more and more people are voluntarily carrying a GPS tracker on them. It's their phone. The government is accessing this data at an increasing rate.

...an explosion in cellphone surveillance in the last five years, with the companies turning over records thousands of times a day in response to police emergencies, court orders, law enforcement subpoenas and other requests.

This is starting to make prepaid phones look very attractive.

A funny coincidence

While talking about start up culture a few days ago I was sent an email to a 6 month old article highlighting flaws in Twitter's HR strategy as seen by a former employee.

To make matters worse, Twitter allowed these early employees to hire their own teams. Some of these early engineers are actually talented, says our source, and that has created "pockets of excellence" at Twitter. But our source says some of these early engineers were more "lucky" than good. This source says the old adage that "A" players hire "A" players and that "B" players hire "C" players proved true at Twitter.  This source says one group at Twitter that is not a "pocket of excellence" is the team in charge of infrastructure.

Emphasis added. Why? Later that day Twitter started having issues staying up

Twitter went down about 9 a.m. Pacific time last Thursday, due to a "cascading bug" within one of its infrastructure components, Mazen Rawashdeh, vice president of engineering, said in the company's blog. The service had fully recovered at 11:08 a.m. Pacific on Thursday.

I'm sure these two articles aren't at all related. Still, it's good that Twitter didn't decide to go the route of Zynga, Skype and Silver Lake Partners and find a way to screw over their employees who stood to make a lot from their options.

How the markets see the Egyptian coup

Egypt's presidential elections have been quite volatile. Their judicial system, backed by the Egyptian military, closed down parliament and later the Supreme Council of Armed Forces redefined the constitutional powers of the president so they can retain their power even if the Muslim Brotherhood's candidate takes office. I thought it would be interesting to see how their financial markets are reacting.

The CDS market didn't react very much. It still costs around 650 basis points to buy protection against an Egyptian default over the next five years. 
The stock market sold off by a few percent but it is well above its previous lows.  On the other hand, their currency has continued to sell off in the nondeliverable forward market.

What does this mean?

1. It's not actually a coup. The markets have understood that the military is in charge and this is just a little unexpected volatility.

2. The bond market is afraid of an Islamic party gaining control and believes that the military's establishment candidate offers them the best chance at getting paid back. According to the world bank, Egypt's central government's debt is over 70 percent of GDP so it will be a significant variable for the new government to address. They will probably use devaluation to the extent that they can get away with it.

3. This is how the military negotiates with their opposition and it will be business as usual soon enough.

It will be interesting to see how the situation develops. This might even reduce the chances of an Israeli strike on Iran in the short term as they have to deal with more instability on their borders.